Diario del proyecto Insects - Southern Africa (identified for the 1st time on iNat or difficult to identify)

11 de julio de 2024

Symplecta (Podoneura) anthracogramma (Bergroth 1888)

The subgenus S. (Podoneura) can be recognised by the fork of the last longitudinal wing vein A1. Wing venation of. S. anthracogramma is illustrated in MAD2, page 456 fig. 91.
Only one species known from Southern Africa (Western Cape, KZN and Harare).

Thorax with three dark longitudinal lines. Legs variegated, all femora with a subterminal yellow ring, remainder black. Wings subhyaline and spotted; fork of vein A1 large and sprawly.

Original description & illustration of wing in:
Bergroth, E. 1888. On some South African Tipulidae. Entomologisk Tidskrift. Volume 9
Figure 2: https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12256099#page/141/mode/1up


Key (Erioptera) in:
Alexander, C. P. 1956. Tipulidae. Ruwenzori Expedition 1934-1935. Volume 1. London British Museum (Natural History) pp. 129 - 380. Page 347

iNat observation:

Publicado el 11 de julio de 2024 por traianbertau traianbertau | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

10 de julio de 2024

Phycus flavus Lyneborg 1978

Slender fly with yellowish abdomen and all femora yellowish. Antennae (illustrated in Lyneborg 1978 and 1987): Scape with only short pile dorsally. First flagellomere entirely black. Palpi dark brown.

Original description in:
Lyneborg, L. 1978. The Afrotropical species of Phycus Walker (Diptera: Therevidae). Entomologica Scandinavica 9. Also in: Insect Systematics & Evolution, 9(3), 212-233. https://doi.org/10.1163/187631278X00467

Total length. 7.2 mm.
Head: Frons at level of antennae c.35 % as wide as head, and at level of anterior ocellus c. 30% as wide as head. Antennal segment I c. 34% as long as depth of head, and c. 160% as long as maximal width. Antennal segment 3 c. 520% as long as segment 1, and c. 650% as long as maximal width. - Frons largely black and shining, but not polished, upper half depressed and with an extremely thin tomentum, lower lateral parts with thick, whitish tomentum.
Frons and face entirely bare. Palpi dark brownish. Antennal segments I and 2 brownish, segment 3 blackish. Segment 1 with extremely short pile and some strong setae on ventral surface.
Thorax. n = 2-3, sa = 1, pa = 1, dc = 0, sc = 1.
Mesonotum black, intensively tomentose, the tomentum forming a pattern of two narrow, brownish-grey stripes on middle and broader lateral bands of same coloration, areas between these brownish-grey portions are pure greyish.
Mesonotal pile very short and black. Mesopleuron black, shining; however, not polished due to a very thin tomentum, but clearly different in coloration from sternopleuron, which is intensively greyish tomentose.
Wings uniformly brownish-hyaline. Knob of halteres dark brownish.
Legs. All coxae greyish-black. F 1 and f2 yellowish-brown; f3 missing. T 1, t2 and their tarsi black.
Abdomen yellowish-brown with extremely short, black pile.

Female: Total length. 8.6 mm.
Head. Frons at level of antennae c. 38 % as wide as head, and at level of anterior ocellus c. 31 % as wide as head. Antennal segment 1 c. 28% as long as depth of head, and c. 160% as long as maximal width. Antennal segment 3 c. 400 % as long as segment 1, and c. 650 % as long as maximal width. -Coloration as in male. Thorax and wings as in male. Coxae paler than in male, largely brownish and with only slight grey tomentum. Also f3 yellowish-brown. Abdomen entirely yellowish-brown as in male.

Type locality: South Africa, N. E. Transvaal, Olifants River, Grootdraai (holotype male) - Female paratype from Pretoria, South Africa.

Key to species of southern African Phycus in:
Lyneborg, L. 1987. Notes on the Phycini of southern Africa with the description of a new genus and two new species (Diptera: Therevidae: Phycinae). Annals of the Natal Museum 28 (2): 467-474.

iNat observation:

Publicado el 10 de julio de 2024 por traianbertau traianbertau | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

08 de julio de 2024

Meloe (Meloe) hottentotus Péringuey 1885

Diagnostic description by @beetledude

Meloe (Meloe) hottentotus -- Eastern ZA Oil Beetle
Six or seven species, belonging to two subgenera, of Meloe oil beetles occur in southern Africa. The genus is unmistakeable: fairly large, black beetles, some of them with a greenish, bluish, purplish sheen, sometimes metallic; all flightless, with shortened elytra; and mostly with a hugely distended abdomen.

Three Meloe species are known from KwaZulu-Natal and from the Eastern Cape, two species of the subgenus Afromeloe and the third in the subgenus Meloe. The subgenus Meloe is easily told apart from the Afromeloe therein that the middle antennal segments (Nos 5, 6, 7) are modified, but unmodified in Afromeloe. In the males [this observation] those segments are crooked and enlarged; in females those segments are broader than the other segments.

The single species of subgenus Meloe known from this area is Meloe (Meloe) hottentotus. This species can be distinguished from other southern African Meloe by the following combination of characters:
• Middle antennale segments modified [as above].
• Head and pronotum with coarse, deep and dense punctures.
• Pronotum elongate, longer than wide.
• Punctures on head and pronotum dense but distinctly separated from each other.
• Distribution ECape, KZN, Free State, Lesotho, Mpumalanga.

Bologna MA, Pinto JD (1998) A review of the Afrotropical species of Meloe Linnaeus 1758 (Coleoptera Meloidae) with descriptions of first instar larvae, a key to species and an annotated catalogue. Tropical Zoology 11(1): 19–59.

Oringinal description in:
Péringuey, L. 1885. First contribution to the South-African coleopterous Fauna. Transactions of the
South African Philosophical Society 3 (1885). doi:10.1080/21560382.1881.9526176

Tranlsated from Latin:
Cyan, shiny, antennae long, joints 5-7 thickened in male, compressed; prothorax elongate, deeply punctate; elytra aciculate [=marked with fine irregular streaks like needle scratches].

Length 13-22mm, width 4-7 mm.
The head is deeply punctured and separated from the epistome by a longitudinal impression; the antennae are long reaching as far as the middle of the elytra; in the male the 5 and 7 article are enlarged and compressed, the 6, the largest of the three is hollowed; the palpi are black and slightly infuscated at the tips.
The prothorax is deeply punctured, slightly convex on the upper side, attenuated near the base the margin of which is slightly sinuated; above the basal margin is a slight depression, and the outer sides are perpendicular.
The elytra are broader than the prothorax and three times as long. They diverge greatly from the middle and are finely aciculated.
The abdomen and underside are finely punctured.
The legs are coppery dark-blue, the tarsi are very slightly hirtose underneath.
From Port Elizabeth, Cape Colony, and Leydenberg, Transvaal.
In the Collection of the South-African Museum.

Redescription and illustration of male in:
Péringuey, L. 1909. Descriptive catalogue of the Coleoptera of South Africa. Family Meloidae.
Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 1
Plate 22, figure 4

Photos of museum specimens in Bolgna Pinto 1998: figures 25 and 30.

Pérenguey 1909, page 170 explains the common name of the genus Meloe: "When seized they exude through the joints of the legs, especially the knees, a yellow fluid, much in the same manner as in the genus Horia. It is this peculiarity which has gained for them the popular name of " oil beetles." "

iNat observations:

Publicado el 08 de julio de 2024 por traianbertau traianbertau | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

04 de julio de 2024

Mariazofia hottentotus (Péringuey 1899)

Very hairy beetle with small tubercles (not arranged on carinae).

Orinignal description (Psammodes hottentotus) and illustration in:
Péringuey L. 1899. Fifth contribution to the South-African Coleopterous Fauna. Annals of the South Africa Museum 1: 240–330.
Plate 6, figure 9: https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/17257#page/353/mode/1up
Translated from Latin:
Pitch black, somewhat glossy, antennae slender; head anteriorly densely clothed with ochraceous hairs, apex glabrous, light; the prothorax is equal in length to the width, rounded and widened, anterior angles acute, prominent, posterior obliterated, convex above sparsely punctate, the points bearing the longest setae, the lateral margin sub-serrate, the sides narrowly granular; elytra rounded, base enlarged, convex, sloping posteriorly, with strong granulation, thickly and regularly covered with long setae; strong feet, femora thick, with yellow tomrntum; epipleura granulated. Length. 23 mm.; width. 15 mm.

Type locality: Clanwilliam, South Africa

iNat observation: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/40893872

Publicado el 04 de julio de 2024 por traianbertau traianbertau | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

03 de julio de 2024

Anomalipus meles Fåhraeus 1870

Small to medium sized; with three to seven welldeveloped elytral carinae, intervals tuberculate. Carination consists of three to seven continuous crests, seconpary carinae are lower or even fragmented. Margins of carinae serrate owing to confluent tubercles. Intervals set with a single, not quite straight row of tubercles. Pronotum with dense to moderately spaced fine but sharp punctures. Anterior tibia of males lacking apicoventral process but denticulate at inner margin.

Detailled description, distribution map and photo in:
Endrody-Younga, S. 1988. Revision of the genus Anomalipus Latreille, 1846
(Description page 75. Distribution map fig. 52)
Plate 20B: https://journals.co.za/doi/pdf/10.10520/AJA090799001_18

Also illustrated in:
Schoeman C. S, Cory Toussaint D, Tshililo P, Foord S. H, Hamer M. 2019. Darkling beetles of the bushveld: an annotated checklist of the Tenebrionidae of the Vhembe Biosphere Reserve, South Africa (Coleoptera). https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.29054.33604

Distribution: Eastern South Africa (Mpumalanga, Limpopo), Lesotho, southern Botswana.

Original description in:
Fåhraeus, O. I. 1870. Coleoptera Caffrariae, annis 1838–1845 a J. A. Wahlberg collecta. Heteromera descripsit. Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar, 27, 243–358.
Translated from Latin:
Black, slightly convex. ochreous-pollinose; thorax rounded-enlarged, wrinkled-punctate, the lateral margin depressed, slightly sinuous near the base; elytra suboval, posteriorly sloping, dorsally ribbed, costae 3, 5 and 7 obsolete; anterior tibiae internally multi-dentate, with a medium-sized external tooth. Length 16 mm, width. 10 mm.

iNat observation:

Publicado el 03 de julio de 2024 por traianbertau traianbertau | 1 comentario | Deja un comentario

01 de julio de 2024

Stips costata (Westwood 1837)

The genus Stips is represented by 3 species in South Africa:
Stips costata Westwood 1837 with two subspecies: S. c. costata and S. c. grandis
Stips cassidioides
Stips gebieni

Original description and illustration in:
Westwood, O. J. 1837 in: Magasin de zoology

Black, opaque, with punctuation, head with a raised central longitudinal line, thoracic disc finely punctate, and in the middle equipped with two posteriorly diverging costae; antennae and feet piceous.

Stips costata grandis is known from Namaqualand and described in Hesse 1952
Koch C (1952b) The Tenebrionidae of southern Africa. VIII. Materials for a monographic study on Eurychorini (Coleoptera). Bulletin de la Société Fouad 1er d‘Entomologie 36: 1–125 + Plates I–XIII.

Distribution: South Africa south of the Orange River (Great Karroo, Namaqualand, Bushmanland)

Also illustrated in Koch 1955
Plate 2, figure 5: https://journals.co.za/doi/pdf/10.10520/AJA0000012_541

iNat observations:

Publicado el 01 de julio de 2024 por traianbertau traianbertau | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

28 de junio de 2024

Acacidiplosis Gagné 1993

Acacidiplosis is a Cedidomyiine genus of 13 species,
page 174: https://www.ars.usda.gov/ARSUserFiles/80420580/Gagne_Jaschhof_2021_World_Cat_5th_Ed.pdf
all described and illustrated by Gagné 1993 from Kenya, inducing galls on Vachellia tortilis.

Several undescribed species are known from galls in South Africa, inducing galls on inflorescences of Vachellia tortilis or on nodes of Vachellia karroo, V. tortillis, V. gerrardi and V. exuvialis
These species are described and given common names in:
Adair, R. 2004. Seed-reducing Cecidomyiidae as potential biological control agents for invasive Australian wattles in South Africa, particularly Acacia mearnsii and A. cyclops. University of Cape Town

Larvae: Sternal spatula reduced to broad, quadrate, short, shaft, with 1 or 2 narrow terminal teeth.

Description of adult detailled in Gagne 1993.

iNat observ ations from Botswana:

Publicado el 28 de junio de 2024 por traianbertau traianbertau | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

17 de junio de 2024

Omorgus (Afromorgus) species lists for Southern Africa

From Zidek 2013 & Zidek 2017:
Zidek, J., 2013. Checklist and bibliography of the Trogidae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea). Insecta mundi, pp. 1–38.
Zídek, J., 2017. Updated checklist and bibliography of family Trogidae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea). Folia Heyrovskyana, 25: 93-127

O.A. radula (Erichson, 1843)
O.A. tuberosus (Klug, 1855)
O.A. zumpti (Haaf, 1957)
O.A. asperulatus (Harold, 1872)
O.A. melancholicus (Fåhraeus, 1857)
O.A. mutabilis (Haaf, 1954

O.A. ponderosus (Péringuey, 1901)
O.A. tuberosus (Klug, 1855)
O.A. unguicularis (Haaf, 1954)
O.A. melancholicus (Fåhraeus, 1857)
O.A. mutabilis (Haaf, 1954)
O.A. radula (Erichson, 1843)

O.A. radula (Erichson, 1843)
O.A. rusticus (Fåhraeus, 1857)
O.A. wittei (Haaf, 1955)
O.A. zumpti (Haaf, 1957)
O.A. asperulatus (Harold, 1872)
O.A. endroedyi (Scholtz, 1979)
O.A. foveolatus (Boheman, 1860)
O.A. freyi (Haaf, 1954)
O.A. insignis (Scholtz, 1979)
O.A. melancholicus (Fåhraeus, 1857)

South Africa:
O.A. ponderosus (Péringuey, 1901)
O.A. radula (Erichson, 1843)
O.A. rusticus (Fåhraeus, 1857)
O.A. tuberosus (Klug, 1855)
O.A. unguicularis (Haaf, 1954)
O.A. zumpti (Haaf, 1957)
O.A. asperulatus (Harold, 1872)
O.A. freyi (Haaf, 1954) https://www.zobodat.at/pdf/Entomologische-Arbeiten-Museum-Frey_5_0326-0393.pdf
O.A. lindemannae (Petrovitz, 1975)
O.A. melancholicus (Fåhraeus, 1857)
O.A. mutabilis (Haaf, 1954)
O.A. satorui Kawai, 2006

O.A. ponderosus (Péringuey, 1901)
O.A. radula (Erichson, 1843)
O.A. rusticus (Fåhraeus, 1857)
O.A. unguicularis (Haaf, 1954)
O.A. wittei (Haaf, 1955)
O.A. zumpti (Haaf, 1957)
O.A. melancholicus (Fåhraeus, 1857)

Publicado el 17 de junio de 2024 por traianbertau traianbertau | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

Trogonospila exigua (Villeneuve 1935)

Trogonospila exigua

I was encouraged by Traian Bertau to contact the professor, Pierfilippo Cerretti, regarding the ID of this beautiful tachinid fly. His response is as follows:

‘The images you sent clearly show Trogonospila. Although any identification to species level from a photo is questionable, it is compatible with T. exigua as you suggested.’

Pierfilippo Cerretti
Associate Professor of Zoology
Dipartimento di Biologia e Biotecnologie 'Charles Darwin'
Sapienza Università di Roma

More info from Traian Bertau:

Probably Trigonospila exigua which was considered a synonym of Trigonospila mista and has been revived in 2016 https://zookeys.pensoft.net/article/6072/element/4/4102//
Succingulum exiguum Villeneuve, 1935 was treated as a synonym of Trigonospila mista (Villeneuve, 1913) by Crosskey (1980b: 858) but is recognized here as a distinct species based on examination of the holotype by PC.
(O'Hara. 2016. Annotated catalogue of the Tachinidae)

The description of Trigonospila mista is available here:
and a pretty good match except for the scutellum which is not all black.
Unfortunately the original description of Succingulum exiguum not available:
Villeneuve, 1935a: 142. Villeneuve J (1935a) Myodaires supérieurs africains inédits. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 27: 136–143
Holotype male (IRSNB). Type locality: South Africa.

iNat Observation: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/218433841

Publicado el 17 de junio de 2024 por mariedelport mariedelport | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

15 de junio de 2024

Ammianus junodi (Distant 1904)

Original description and illustration in:
Distant, W. L. 1904. On South African Tingidae and other heteropterous Rynchota. Transactions of the South African Philosophical Society 4.
Umber-brown; head immersed to eyes, which are black and almost touch the anterior margin of the pronotal hood; antennae with the first and second joints umber-brown, remainder mutilated in specimen described; pronotum with the interior of many of the areolets creamy- white, especially on the produced lateral and posterior areas, its disk piceous; elytra with the discoidal and subcostal areas almost uniform umber-brown, the costal and sutural areas creamy-white with the margins of the areolets brown, the first with large medial apical brown spots and some small lateral spots of the same colour; body beneath and legs piceous; head armed with a long semi-erect spine in front of each eye; pronotal hood with an erect discal anterior spine, pronotal lateral areas strongly ampliated on each side, slightly directed upward, their apices angularly truncate, their margins shortly spined, pronotal disk tricarinate; elytra with the discoidal a little wider than the subcostal area, areolets small, dense, with their margins thick and coarse, costal and sutural areas with the areolets larger and with finer margins, lateral margins of the first very distinctly spined.
Long. 41, mm.


Illustrated in:
Deckert, J. & Göllner,-Scheiding U. Lace bugs of Namibia (Heteroptera, Tingoidea, Tingidae)

Key to A. junodi group

iNat observation: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/222706120

Publicado el 15 de junio de 2024 por traianbertau traianbertau | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario