Diario del proyecto Mossen rond het MEC. De bryoflora van Park Oudegein en een deel van het IJsselbos te Nieuwegein

07 de febrero de 2024

Rotsen op iNaturalist, volgens copilot van Bing

iNaturalist is een geweldige gemeenschap voor natuurliefhebbers! Het stelt je in staat om planten en dieren om je heen te identificeren en tegelijkertijd wetenschappelijke gegevens te genereren voor biodiversiteitsonderzoek en natuurbehoud. Hier zijn enkele hoogtepunten:

Observaties bijhouden: Je kunt je ontmoetingen met andere organismen vastleggen en je levenslijsten bijhouden, allemaal in de cloud.
Nuttige gegevens creëren: Help wetenschappers en beheerders begrijpen waar en wanneer organismen voorkomen.
Identificaties crowdsourcen: Verbind met experts die de organismen kunnen identificeren die je observeert.
Burgerwetenschapper worden: Doe mee aan een project met een missie die je interesseert of start je eigen project.
Leren over de natuur: Bouw je kennis op door te praten met andere natuurliefhebbers en anderen te helpen.
Bioblitz organiseren: Houd een evenement waarbij mensen proberen zoveel mogelijk soorten te vinden.
Elke observatie kan bijdragen aan de biodiversiteitswetenschap, van de zeldzaamste vlinder tot het meest voorkomende onkruid in je achtertuin. De bevindingen worden gedeeld met wetenschappelijke gegevensrepositories zoals het Global Biodiversity Information Facility, zodat wetenschappers je gegevens kunnen vinden en gebruiken. Het enige wat je hoeft te doen, is observeren! 🌿🔍

Hoewel iNaturalist zich voornamelijk richt op planten en dieren, is er momenteel geen specifieke versie voor rotsen, mineralen en fossielen. Als fervent fossielenjager kun je echter nog steeds je vondsten delen en deelnemen aan de community. Wie weet inspireer je anderen om ook de wonderen van de geologische wereld te ontdekken! 🦴💎

Meer informatie vind je op de iNaturalist-website. Veel plezier met het verkennen van de natuur! 🌿🌎

Publicado el 07 de febrero de 2024 por optilete optilete | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

19 de diciembre de 2023

13 de diciembre de 2023

345 Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland

https://www.inaturalist.org/journal/ahospers/87495-klimaatverandering-is-in-brede-zin-elke-verandering-in-weer-of-klimaat-over-een-lange-periode-in-de-geschiedenis-van-de-aarde-benthic-ecosystems-carbon-synethese-becs-webinar-elemental-cycling-somes-and-maite

345 Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland

  1. Die Maginot-Linie - Frankreichs Verteidigungsbollwerk | SWR Doku
    Die Maginot-Linie ist eine gigantische Festungsanlage: Tausende unterirdische Bunker, Artilleriewerke, Kasematten und Unterstände, die sich mehr als 700 Kilometer entlang der französischen Grenze von Belgien bis zum Mittelmeer.
    Als technische Meisterleistung gefeiert und als uneinnehmbar glorifiziert, steht sie heute auch für das Trauma der französischen Niederlage im Jahr 1940. Die Dokumentation zeichnet das Bild eines ebenso faszinierenden wie umstrittenen Bauwerks.

    Frankreich nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg: 1,4 Millionen Soldaten sind gefallen, weite Teile Nordfrankreichs verwüstet. Um das Land vor einem erneuten Angriffskrieg zu schützen, setzen Politiker und Militärs auf eine stark befestigte Verteidigungslinie. Durchgesetzt wird das Projekt vom Kriegsminister André Maginot, der zum Namensgeber der Linie wird. So entsteht die Maginot-Linie mit Tausenden unterirdischer Artilleriewerke, Kasematten und Unterständen, die sich mehr als 700 Kilometer entlang der französischen Grenze von Belgien bis zum Mittelmeer erstrecken.

    Maginot-Linie: Mehr als 20.000 Bauarbeiter im Eisatz
    Der Bau verschlingt umgerechnet zwei bis drei Milliarden Euro, mehr als 20.000 Bauarbeiter sind im Einsatz. Die Maginot-Linie ist ein Meisterwerk der Ingenieurskunst mit damals modernster Technik und wird als uneinnehmbar gefeiert.

    Mit Hilfe von Archivmaterial und spektakulären Drohnenaufnahmen sowie Zeitzeugen, Historiker:innen und Enthusiasten vor Ort, die sich für den Erhalt der Maginot-Linie engagieren, zeichnet die Dokumentation das Bild eines ebenso faszinierenden wie umstrittenen Bauwerks.

    Diese Doku von Grit Lederer wurde am 19.09.22 im ERSTEN gezeigt in der Reihe: Geheimnisvolle Orte und trägt den Orig

  2. In deze video wordt uitgelegd hoe je een vegetatieopname kan maken. De uitleg is in het Engels. De video werd gemaakt voor het vak Geïntegreerd Veldwerk Biodiversiteit en Ecologie (KU Leuven).
  3. 0:18 / 9:55

    Hoe maak je een vegetatieopname? (professor dr. T. Ceulemans U Antwerpen)

  4. Old Plant Communities in Urban Areas, with Martin Allen
    Martin Allen (botanical surveyor and artist) delivers his talk on old plant communities and the methods he has used to uncover them, as delivered at the 2023 British and Irish Botanical Conference.

  5. Getting started with plant ID, with Natasha Foxford
    Natasha Foxford (beginner botanist) shares her story of her first year of tackling plant identification

  6. Botanical University Challenge and ID skills provision in higher education, with Sebastian StroudSebastian Stroud (Postgraduate Researcher in urban ecology, University of Leeds, with Jonathan Mitchley (Associate Professor of Field Botany, University of Reading), discusses how Botanical University Challenge (BUC) can help address the lack of field ID skills provision in higher education.
  7. SBC 2023 - Understanding Wild Pine in the Highlands – James Rainey & Jane Sayers, Trees for Life
    James and Jane close the conference with a fascinating look at Wild Pine in the Highlands, and explain how they go about investigating the provenance of ‘new’ Caledonian pinewoods not on the Caledonian Pinewood Inventory.

    For more information on the SBC, visit https://bsbi.org/scottish-annual-meeting

    For more information on Trees for Life, visit https://treesforlife.org.uk/

  8. Building Natural Capital - Third Natural Capital Report
    As we advance our model for nature recovery, community prosperity and ethical profitability, both Highlands Rewilding and the natural capital landscape around us are developing quickly. We provide an overview of these developments in our latest annual report: Building Natural Capital.

    Read the full report here:
    https://highlandsrewilding.co.uk/s/Th...

    Much is planned for the year ahead across our three ‘open air natural capital laboratories’, and as we continue our programme of in-house data gathering and research into biodiversity, greenhouse-gas and socio-economic changes, we make our outputs freely available to others where we can.

    This research has informed our land management decisions from large-scale works including peatland restoration (P31-2, 66-9), rainforest regeneration (p106, 119-20) and targeted deer control (p22-3 ), to more precise measures including mycorrhizal fungi inoculation (p33-36) and the reintroduction of ecosystem engineers, beginning, we hope, with the ‘small but mighty’ wood ant (p41-43).

    Our main environmental objectives are to generate and measure biodiversity uplift, including in terms of rare species, valuable habitats, ecosystem structure, function and resilience. We seek to re-establish natural processes where possible to facilitate these changes, while also involving local communities in our land management and its benefits.

    We hope the progress and plans reported will be of wide interest and will contribute to Scotland’s efforts to set new standards in the use of nature-based solutions for climate, biodiversity and social challenges.

  9. Annual Summer Meeting 2023 Sunday Sessions
  10. Rainforests and Peatlands: Travels around Scotland's most threatened habitats
    A talk given at the Scottish Botanists' Conference 2022 at the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh by Clifton Bain, Advisor to the IUCN UK Peatland Programme.

  11. SBC 2023 - Research Flashtalks
    Three researchers give rapid-fire overviews of their projects to the conference: Patricia Mrazek, Masters student at University of Edinburgh, on ‘The use of enhanced urban flower meadows to promote bee biodiversity’; Savanna van Mesag, PhD student at University of Glasgow, on ‘How does variation in the mineralogical and chemical properties of anthropogenic substrate influence plant biodiversity?’; and Connie Simon Nutbrown, a postdoctoral researcher at RBGE working on the Biodiversity Genomics Project, on ‘Telling Willows apart with DNA’.

  12. Irish Scaly Male ferns – a taxonomic study
    This talk given at the BSBI Ireland Autumn Meeting in Glasnevin National Botanic Garden on 24 September 2022, by Alison Evans.
    Here is the handout that accompanies the talk: bsbi.org/download/33687/

  13. Polypody Ferns in the British Isles; origins, ecology, distribution and identification - Rob Cooke
    Rob Cooke's workshop from the Scottish Botanists' Conference 2021. Rob works for Natural England on environmental policy. He has been interested in polypodiums for 30 years, and has been the BSBI expert (referee) on the genus for 20 years.

    https://bsbi.org/Polypodium_Crib.pdf

    See https://scottishbotanistsconference.org/ for exhibits and posters, biographies of speakers and exhibitors and other information about the conference.

  14. Ecologie van Bestuivers en Bestuiving door Dr. Margaux Boeraeve (gastprofessor U Antwerpen)
    In deze video legt Dr. Margaux Boeraeve de ecologie van bestuivers uit. Je wordt meegenomen in de wondere wereld van deze cruciale insecten met voorbeelden van verschillende soorten, hun levenscyclus en het belang van bestuiving. Je leert ook technieken hoe je zelf naar bestuivers op zoek kan gaan. Medewerker: Ward Tamsyn

  15. Ecologie, Biodiversiteit, Beheer en Herstel van Heide en Hoogveen (prof dr T. Ceulemans U Antwerpen)
    In deze video word je meegenomen naar heides en hoogvenen in België. Je leert de karakteristieke biodiversiteit kennen, de ecologie en het beheer en herstel van deze ecosystemen. Deze video is gemaakt in het kader van het vak Geïntegreerd Veldwerk Biodiversiteit en Ecologie (KU Leuven) en de vakken Fauna en Flora, Ecosysteembeheer, Ecosysteemtypes, Biodiversity Conservation en Biodiversity Restoration (U Antwerpen). Medewerkers: Dr. Aline Waterkeyn, Nicolas Verbraken, Cedric Servaes. Soms is de geluidskwaliteit wat minder door wind helaas

  16. Ecologie, Biodiversiteit, Beheer en Herstel van Bossen (prof. dr. T. Ceulemans U Antwerpen)
    In deze video word je meegenomen naar Belgische bossen. De karakteristieke biodiversiteit van verschillende bostypen wordt getoond, de ecologie wordt uitgelegd en er wordt ingegaan op het beheer en herstel van gezonde en biodiverse bosecosystemen. Deze video is gemaakt in het kader van het vak Geïntegreerd Veldwerk Biodiversiteit en Ecologie (KU Leuven) en de vakken Fauna en Flora, Ecosysteembeheer, Ecosysteemtypes, Biodiversity Conservation en Biodiversity Restoration (U Antwerpen). Medewerkers: Dr. Aline Waterkeyn, Nicolas Verbraken, Cedric Servaes.

  17. Ecologie, Biodiversiteit, Beheer en Herstel van Graslanden (prof. dr. T. Ceulemans U Antwerpen)
    In deze video word je meegenomen naar Belgische graslanden. De karakteristieke biodiversiteit wordt getoond, de ecologie besproken en het beheer en herstel van graslanden. Deze video is gemaakt in het kader van het vak Geintegreerd Veldwerk Biodiversiteit en Ecologie (KU Leuven) en Fauna en Flora, Ecosysteembeheer, Ecosysteemtypes, Biodiversity Conservation en Biodiversity Restoration (U Antwerpen). Medewerkers: Dr. Aline Waterkeyn, Nicolas Verbraken, Cedric Servaes.

  18. https://www.inaturalist.org/journal/ahospers/87495-klimaatverandering-is-in-brede-zin-elke-verandering-in-weer-of-klimaat-over-een-lange-periode-in-de-geschiedenis-van-de-aarde-benthic-ecosystems-carbon-synethese-becs-webinar-elemental-cycling-somes-and-maite
Publicado el 13 de diciembre de 2023 por optilete optilete | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

28 de noviembre de 2023

14 de noviembre de 2023

The most fascinating documentaries on plants in French, featuring their evolution and there strategies:

https://www.ardmediathek.de/ 1
https://www.inaturalist.org/posts/47646-130-wildes-deutschland-die-rhon 1


  • The most fascinating documentaries on plants in French, featuring their evolution and there strategies:
    L’Aventure des Plantes (1982)
    https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL85QFEnf3cy-7wkL1JvYQjZr7oCcBUIOb 1

  • https://www.slideshare.net/SOVON/presentations

  • https://www.slideshare.net/SOVON/presentations

    Nederland bestond van oudsher voor een groot deel uit hoogveen. Door het afgraven van turf is daar nog maar 2% van over. Natuurmonumenten beschermt deze unieke gebieden, die voornamelijk in het oosten van ons lang liggen.


  • Hoeksche Waarde - Aflevering 6: De toekomst
    In deze bijzondere aflevering onderzoeken we de kansen en bedreigingen van de Hoeksche Waard. Omdat HWL 50 jaar bestaat proberen we ook 50 jaar vooruit te kijken. HWL vroeg landschapsarchitect Adriaan Geuze om hierbij te helpen.

    Gaëlle en Dick spreken met allerlei belanghebbenden: HWL voorzitter Thijs Jasperse, boer Bas Blok van LTO, wethouder Harry van Waveren, Martijn Verweijen van de werkgroep milieu en planologie, architect Sander Ros en een aantal winkelende bewoners in Numansdorp.
    Hoeksche Waarde is een online en tv serie over de Hoeksche Waard; de mensen die er wonen en werken en hoe ze zich verhouden tot de natuur en het landschap.

    In 2023 bestaat het Hoekschewaards Landschap 50 jaar. Met deze serie brengen we het gebied in kaart en brengen we over hoe waardevol de natuur is en kan zijn. Voor iedereen; inwoner of bezoeker, jong en oud.

    Vanaf 28 januari publiceren we iedere 4 weken een nieuwe aflevering.
    Abonneer je op dit kanaal om een melding te ontvangen wanneer een nieuwe aflevering beschikbaar is.
    https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCY3HqgrbspTBPBIcwZnHs0A/videos
    Hoeksche Waarde - Aflevering 6: De toekomst

  • 1867 - Prof.dr. Han Wösten - “Hedendaagse biotechnologie met schimmels”

    Schimmels spelen een belangrijke rol in de natuur, onder andere in de afbraak van dood organisch materiaal. Deze eigenschap van schimmels kunnen we gebruiken om onze economie duurzamer te maken. Zo kunnen schimmels gebruikt worden in de eiwittransitie en in de zuivering van water van moleculen zoals hormonen, pesticiden, en PFAS. Daarnaast kunnen schimmels worden gebruikt om materialen te vervangen die gepaard gaan met veel energie gebruik en uitstoot van CO2. Deze aspecten zullen in de lezing worden toegelicht; het zal blijken dat schimmels bondgenoten zijn en niet onze vijand zoals veel mensen in eerste instantie zullen denken.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7746jjxqg9c
    Piepschuim is lichter dan schimmelstroisolatie
    https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCY3HqgrbspTBPBIcwZnHs0A/videos

  • 1866 - Prof.dr. Inga kamp - “Resultaten van de nieuwe James Webb Space Telescope”
    https://www.youtube.com/@kng-groningen9130/streams
    https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCY3HqgrbspTBPBIcwZnHs0A/videos
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fWYubYd-BTE&t=23s
    De James Webb Space Telescoop (JWST) is succesvol gelanceerd op 25 december 2021 en bevindt zich nu op een afstand van 1.5 miljoen kilometer van de aarde. Deze 6.5m telescoop in de ruimte geeft ons schitterende nieuwe plaatjes van de hemel in het infrarood, met een 10 keer hogere ruimtelijk resolutie vergeleken met eerdere telescopen en een veel grotere gevoeligheid. Tijdens deze lezing geef ik een overzicht vanaf de bouw van de telescoop met zijn instrumenten, de lancering, tot en met de eerste plaatjes ruim een jaar geleden. Vervolgens leg ik uit hoe deze JWST waarnemingen nieuwe inzichten geven over de chemische samenstelling van het materiaal waaruit planeten ontstaan en de samenstelling van de atmosferen van planeten rond andere sterren. Beide zijn erg belangrijk om te begrijpen hoe uniek ons eigen zonnestelsel mogelijk is.

  • James Webb Space Telescope - First year of discoveries

    https://www.youtube.com/@DeKNAW
    https://www.youtube.com/@DeKNAW/streams
    Op 11 juli 2022 verscheen de eerste foto van de James Webb Space Telescope. Dit beeld is het diepste en scherpste infraroodbeeld van het verre heelal tot nu toe, en bekend als Webb's First Deep Field. Dit deel van het heelal beslaat een stuk hemel dat ongeveer zo groot is als een zandkorrel die iemand op de grond op armlengteafstand houdt. Tijdens dit symposium op 14 november 2023 staan we stil bij de vele verrassende ontdekkingen door deze meest gevoelige ruimtetelescoop ooit.


  • (1) JNM Jongeren Natuur (@JNMnatuur) / X (twitter.com) We zijn er even tussenuit geweest maar nu weer terug met nieuwe afleveringen!! Deze aflevering met landschapsarchitect Thijs de Zeeuw die ons meenam naar
    @ARTIS
    . We hebben het over wild natuur in een dierentuin, wie is te gast en wie kijkt naar wie? Check: https://spoti.fi/3pVtbai

  • Publicado el 14 de noviembre de 2023 por optilete optilete | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

    08 de noviembre de 2023

    Bosgrond_BosBeheerBoekje

    https://www.bosgrond.nl/images/downloads/Woet_Bosgrond_BosBeheerBoekje.pdf

    In deze gids laten wij je zien hoe je jouw bos
    goed kunt beheren om de biodiversiteit ervan te vergroten, waardoor je er nóg meer plezier uit kunt halen. Jij
    bent namelijk in de unieke positie om écht een verschil
    te maken voor de Nederlandse natuur. Veel leesplezier!

    Publicado el 08 de noviembre de 2023 por optilete optilete | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

    07 de noviembre de 2023

    Laymans guide to Mushrooms and Toadstoals

    Online sources are (unfortunately,) fragmented. Its hard to find things written in layman’s terms in online sources that are written in a comprehensive manner - usually things will be focused on one genus or family, or they’re regional. Even if the names are out of date when it comes to scientific names (and they all are, no matter how recently they’ve been published) books are still my go to because they tend to represent more comprehensive data.

    That said, I’ll endeavor here to give a few links that may be useful, and at least outline some of the most obvious groups that you’re likely to come across. This still won’t be comprehensive, but it might help a little bit.

    As far as websites, my go to general site is mushroomexpert.com 5 - though this is mostly focused on the US and beyond that, the eastern US, mostly because the site’s author is based in my area.

    For boletes (at least, American boletes,) the bolete filter (https://boletes.wpamushroomclub.org/ 2) is a fairly invaluable resource; I’m sure there’s good resources for old world boletes but I’m less familiar with them

    Amanitataceae.org 3 is the site that aggregates info on Amanita mushrooms, though it lacks a user friendly key

    For stuff in the UK, this site - https://www.wildfooduk.com/mushroom-guide/ - seems to be a fairly reliable one, though they mostly seem to focus on edibles and poisonous mushrooms - you’ll find that most ID information online is focused on these things.

    https://www.shroomery.org/ 2 aggregates information for mushrooms containing psilocybin, so there you’ll find information about Psilocybin, and to a lesser extent Gymnopilu, Pluteus, paenaeolus, and some others - though its not fully an ID-focused site, of course.

    I won’t skip over it either, there are things like mushroom clubs and facebook groups - I’m sure you have one locally - that are very useful to join to see what is common in your area and what gets IDed. Just join a local one, and lurk, and see what the people who know what they’re talking about say things are.

    And if you really want to get into the weeds and look at more scientific papers, I like to reference Mycobank.org 3 (great site to look up when a species was described and in what paper) Indexfungorum (Lists species names + what their synonyms are) and Mycomap (aggregate site for DNA sequencing and distributing reports that pulls from inat, mushroom observer, gen bank, etc)

    All that said, don’t underestimate the value of local identification books. If you learn what you can about those, dig into some more general books.

    And with that out of the way, I will attempt to at least cover some basic, easily identifiable groups/genuses - for the most part, I’ll skip species here and stick with more general categories, since those should be relevant for most of the world.

    Ascomycetes & Basidiomycetes
    So this is the most basic split you’re going to find below fungi.

    Ascomycetes is really where all the weirdos go. And I’m certainly not an expert on this group, far from it, but this is where you’ll put all the weirds. Yeasts, molds, cordyceps fungi, lichens, tiny little jelly discs and logs and just a few really obvious macrofungi like Morels and Peziza. most of the stuff here is stuff that is just going to be straight up impossible to ID without microscopy, but I’ll note a few in a moment. Outside of those, I’m not going to talk about this group that much because I’m personally not great at it, and there really doesn’t exist a good source talking about all of it

    Genuses of note include
    -Morchella - morels. one of the most sought after edibles. Just google this one,trust me, you know what a morel looks like.
    -Gyromitra - false morels. They mostly looked like brains on sticks
    -Helvella - elfin saddles. They look like… well, saddles on sticks
    -Peziza - big cup fungi, for the most part.

    Basidiomycetes are where most of our more charismatic macrofungi live, so if its recognizable as a cap-and-stem mushroom its safe to put it here. I’ll go so far to say if it is, you’re safe to skip all the way down to Agaricomycetes - I’ll go out on a limb and say almost everything you look at it and say ‘that’s a mushroom!’ is going to fit in here, outside of a few rare exceptions. Jellies and such will probably end up in Tremellomycetes but tbh computer vision can at least get you to the ballpark on most of these (if it throws a species, just jump a few levels to say, family, and you’re probably good.)

    Agaricomycetes and orders/subclasses of note (not touching on everything, just ones you’ll encounter often

    Agaricomycetidae Most of what you’ll find under here goes either in Boletales or Agaricales - I’ll touch on these two more in a bit.

    Auriculariales - Here lives all the weird jelly fungus that don’t belong in Tremmelomycetes. Here you’ll find

    -Auricularia - wood ears. They’re mostly brown, they kind of look like ears. The common name really fits here

    -Exidia - Dark brown and usually look like someone took a bunch of gum drops and smashed them together on a log/branch/twig/what have you

    -Pseudohydum - they’re jelly fungus with teeth on the fertile surface. They’re neat and feel weird and neat when you rub them

    -Ductifera - your white jelly bois

    Cantharellales - This is a famous group and contains some even laymen will recognize, including

    -Cantharellus/Craterellus - these are your chantarelles and trumpets. They come in a range of colors, usually black or red or orange, lack true gills and instead have a smooth to wrinkled fertile service, and are generally prized as edibles. The biggest difference between the genuses is craterellus are generally hollow while cantharellus are not.

    -Clavulina - these are a group of coral fungi and can be extremely hard to get anywhere close to species. If it looks like a coral, you can put it here - and don’t worry the coral people will tell you you’re probably wrong, but they’re usually nice about it.

    -Hydnum - these are the hedgehog mushrooms. They have teeth on the fertile surface, though they are far from the only species that has teeth. Important thing to note is, afaik, you’ll find these growing out of the ground.

    Hymenochaetales - This has a lot of crusts and weirdo shelves. Not a great group for me, though a shootout to the genus Trichaptum (aka violet toothed mushrooms,) which really seems to be the majority observed genus for this group

    Polyporales - these are where most of your shelf fungi are going to live. A few genuses of note

    -Fomitopsis - mostly conk fungi, plus the birch polypore Fomitopsis betulina (which is a pretty distinct white polypore that grows out of birches and has an inrolled, overhanging margin.) Most of these suck to try to get past species unless you’re really in to them

    -Ischnoderma - the resinous polypores. These guys generally are dark, not-shiny polypores with white pores and a white margin. They start out soft and get harder in age, but when young they’re squishy (Also, they’re delicious if you can get the soft bits when they’re young, as an aside)

    Meripilus - black-staining polypores. These are gray-to-tan-to-brown polypores that tend to grow in a rosette habit and bruise black very quickly when touched or damaged.

    Cerioporus/Polyporus - probably the most common species here is C. squamosus AKA dryad’s saddle/pheasant back, which is a white pored mushroom with a brown & tan feathery-looking upper surface that can get quite large and smells like watermelon rind. There are a few other species in this group too, brown polypores on stems with white pores is a good indication

    -Laetiporus - Chicken of the woods. Big, orange and yellow shelf fungi that are pretty unmistakable. There’s a few in this genus that don’t quite match but if you see a giant orange pored mushroom, it belongs here. CV almost always gets this right

    Fomes - hoof fungus. These are more brown polypores that grow on trees. Really they’re kind of hard to separate from a few other genusus, usually I just throw these in Polyporales and call it a day.

    Sparrassis - cauliflower mushrooms. They looks like a big white coral growth or a head of cauliflower; choice edible and CV is pretty decent at it

    Ganoderma - contains both the laquered bracket fungi (subgenus reishi), which are shiny topped white pored red and brown and yellow brackets, along with things like artist conks, which are matte but you can draw pictures on their pore surface, which is neat.

    Lentinus - some of these are gilled, some of these are not - its a weird group, they look kind of like funnels with either gills or big pores on the bottom.

    -Trametes - turkey tails. Little fuzzy shelves with bands of color and white pore surfaces. Extremely cosmopoliton

    -Grifola - Hen of the woods. Looks like a hen butt, or a pile of leaves next to a tree. Grifola frondosa is a highly sought after forageable

    Russulales - a group you’ll want to know. contains some gills, some teeth, and some pores, I’ll shout out a few

    -Russula - hugely cosmopoliton and notoriously difficult genus to identify to species. These guys are usually brightly colored, in reds and yellows and greens, and usually have cream to white gills. They’re usually brittle, may be spicy, and may bruise or blacket. Genus is usually very easy with these but species is incredibly difficult, especially in america

    -Lactarius/Lactifluus - These are also in russulaceae. They look like russula, but are more varied in colors and cap texture, and will bleed a milky latex when cut.

    -Hericium - lions-man fungi, they look like pom poms or cascading waterfalls of teeth. Usually white, may be pale pink depending on conditions

    -Stereum - false-turkey tails. They look like turkey tails but are thinner and more fragile and lack a proper pore surface

    -Artomyces - Crowned-tipped coral, a fraigle coral fungis that grows out of wood and is relatively easy to ID

    Sebacinales Probably the most notable genus is Sebacina, the false corals. Its another one that looks like a coral, these have less defined branching then most.

    Theleporales This contains a few weird looking corals and a few more toothed groups like Hydnellum and Sarcodon, but I don’t see them that much personally

    Phallomycetidae A few groups of note here
    -Geastrales - these guys look like a puffball wearing a star-shapped collar

    -Gomphales - these contain more corals like the genus Ramaria along with a chantarelle mimic genus called Gomphus that kind of looks like brown-to-purple chants but definitely aren’t.

    -Phalleles - these are your stink horns. Smelly, usually grow from an egg from the ground, ten to be white to red to brown. Most of your classic stinkhorns are going to go in Phallus (the head has a skirt) or Mutinus (the head doesn’t have a skirt)

    Boletales & Agaricales
    We’re finally at the two groups that most people care about. I’ll start with Boletales because its by far the smaller group; in it, you will find cap-and stem mushrooms with pores (though there are a few gills mushrooms in here)

    -Suillus - They looks like boletes but aren’t actually in boletaceae, they’re in their own family. These are the suillus, sticky capped sometimes hard to ID yellow to brown pored mushrooms that may or may not have a veil. If it has a veil and a ring and its a bolete, it belongs here

    -Leccinum/lecinnelum - scaber-stalks. These are boletes with… well, scabered stalks. Kind of dotted and extremely hard to ID to species

    Boletus - this used to be the umbrella genus and is slowly getting pared down to contain on the boletes closely related to the Porcini/Boletus edulis. edulis-group boletes come in a range of colors, but key id features include an olive-yellow/brown spore print, white reticularion on the stem, and generally pleasant flavors.

    Neoboletus - this is the genus most red-pored blue-staining boletes that lack reticulation end up in, though there are a few species hanging out in Boletus still. This is an incredibly messy group in need of a proper paper to sort it out so don’t be afraid just to stick stuff at Neoboletus and call it a day.

    Rubroboletus - has a few different species but the biggest note is lots of red and yellow and sometimes white coloration, and lots of fine red reticulation on the stem

    -Aureoporus - usually have brownish to wine colored caps/stems with bright-to-dull yellow pore surface. These are small boletes, and there are a few oddballs in here.

    -Tylopilus - bitter boletes (though not all of them.) white pore surface that ages pink with a pink spore print, these comes in shades of brown, pink, purple, or black and flavor can be very important when it comes to actually getting these to species

    -Phylloporus - oops this one has gills? But its a bolete! Small red-to-brown mushrooms with highlighter yellow gills that look like a bolete from the top

    -Paxillus - Squatty brown mushrooms with an inrolled cap margin and gills that really don’t look like they should belong here.

    And now on to Agaricales; this is going to be FAR from comprehensive but I’m going to try to cover the most common groups that you have at least a modicum of hope of identifying

    -Amanita - we know them, we love them. This group is huge and contains a ton of mushrooms, but they share a few features, including free gills, a mycorrhizal habit, volvas/universal veil (a sac/egg that they emerge from, through it doesn’t always remain saccate,) along with a partial veil in most species.

    -Pluteus - Deer mushrooms. Free gills, wood-rotting, mostly brown though with a few brightly colored members, with a pinkish-brown spore print

    Agaricus - these are where your store bought button mushrooms live. Lots of species that are hard to ID, but they share a partial veil and a brown spore print and usually start out with pink or white gills
    -Cortinatius- rustgills. These have a very webby partial veil called a cortina and drop a rusty brown spore print. They range in color from dull brown to bright purple to red and orange, and can have either a dry or viscid top

    -Inocybaceae - Fibercaps. These need a lot of sorting, but are mostly little brown mushrooms with fibrous caps that split longitudinally very easily. Also very hard to get to genus, let alone species.

    -Clitocybe/clitopilus - funnels. Mostly white mushrooms with gills that run down the stem and grow from the ground. Lack a veil

    -Volvopluteus/volvariella - Rosegills. White mushrooms that do have a volva, but unlike amanita they have a pink spore print and their gills turn pink as they age

    -Coprinellus/Coprinopsis - inky caps. If you’re unsure on these you can stick them in Psathyrellaceae and call it good because they’ve been split up a lot. Most have a unique spore delivery method where the gills dissolve into black goo

    -Coprinus - another inky cap group, though this one does not go in Psathyrellaceae. These are a little more stout than the little ink caps, and the most recognizable species is Coprinus compatus, the shaggy mane mushroom

    Hygrocybe/Gliophorus/Cuphophyllus - waxcaps. Hygrocybe are usually very brightly colored (reds and oranges) and can be dry or sticky, gliphorus are brown to blue to green and are basically always viscid, and Cuphophyllus are more modestly colored waxcaps and come in whites, creams, browns, etc. White spore prints, generally small, growing on the forest floor. Some species may stain black
    -Psilocybe/Deconica - Used to be grouped together but this group was split into the Psychoactive Psilocybe and the non-psychoactive deconica. Little brown mushrooms that grow out of wood or poop, have a purplish-brown spore print, and may or may not stain blue

    -Psathyrella/Candelleomyces - Brittlestems. THey’re brittle, they’re small, lots of LBMs here. Honestly these I usually just stick at family level unless I know the species

    -Leucocoprinus/Leucoagaricus - Lots of white mushrooms here with a partial veil but NO volva, there are a few other colors you might find; some might stain red, some have scaled caps, some have bulbous bases - not my best group

    -Chlorophyllum/Macrolepiota - parasols - contains one nasty poisonous boi that has a green spore print (chlorophyllum molybdites) and several good edibles that have white. Scaled to shaggy tops in various shades of white and brown and have a persistent ring that does not look like a skirt

    -Lepista -white to purple to pink to brown clitocyboid mushrooms with a pinkish buff spore print - Lepista nuda is the big species here, though there’s a few others. Can look a lot like purple cortinarius at first glance

    -Armillaria/desarmillaria - honey fungus - wood rotting super common parastic fungi with a white spore print that tend to grow in rosettes or huge flushes

    -Mycena - Bonnets - little wood rotting fungi that tend to grow on clusters on logs or from leaf litter, often brown or white but sometimes brightly colored (though some grow from dirt too, because this is a huge variable group)

    -Entoloma -Pinkgills - a hugely variable genus that can grown from multiple substrates, have multiple cap textures, and come in a dissying array of colors - but they have a pink spore print

    -Pleurotus - oyster mushrooms - white gills that run down the stem, they grow from wood and are pretty identifiable

    I’m going to stop here for now - there’s definitely more groups, and I’ll probably add a few more later, but most of this is off of the top of my head and I need to take a small pause. Agaricales is absolutely HUGE and contains most of the gills fungi and can also be the hardest group to key out so… yeah.

    Feel free to add more, and I may add more later if I’m feeling up to it.

    EDIT: Thought of a few more to add

    Lycoperdon/apioperon/calvatia - Puffballs. Lycoperdon are white and usually have spines or spikes or hairy bits on the outside, apioperdon are little brown puffballs that grow on wood, calvatia are the big ones. Yes, these are in agaricales.

    Scleroderma - earthballs/pigskin puffball. brown, pitted, thick skin and a dark spore mass inside if you slice them in half.

    Post from Lothlin
    https://forum.inaturalist.org/t/laymans-guide-to-fungus-orders-families/46181/4
    https://forum.inaturalist.org/t/laymans-guide-to-fungus-orders-families/46181

    Publicado el 07 de noviembre de 2023 por optilete optilete | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

    29 de octubre de 2023

    Atlas der Säugetiere Oberösterreichs. Nachweise, Verbreitungsgeschichte, Rote Liste

    Atlas der Säugetiere Oberösterreichs. Nachweise, Verbreitungsgeschichte, Rote Liste
    Weidinger, A. & Perndl, I. [Hrsg.]
    Publication Date: 2023
    https://www.zobodat.at/publikation_volumes.php?id=71032

    Publicado el 29 de octubre de 2023 por optilete optilete | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

    21 de octubre de 2023

    How to use iNaturalist for the City Nature Challenge 2024

    How to use iNaturalist for the City Nature Challenge 2024

    Started in 2016 as a competition between San Francisco and Los Angeles, the City Nature Challenge (CNC) has grown into an international event, motivating people around the world to find and document wildlife in their cities. Run by the Community Science teams at the California Academy of Sciences and the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, the CNC is an annual four-day global bioblitz at the end of April, where cities are in a collaboration-meets-friendly-competition to see not only what can be accomplished when we all work toward a common goal, but also which city can gather the most observations of nature, find the most species, and engage the most people in the event. In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, the 2024 City Nature Challenge will not only be focused on competition; instead we want to embrace the healing power of nature and celebrate tens of thousands of people all around the world, searching for and documenting their local biodiversity, together in this event.

    Do you want to participate? Join us for the 2024 City Nature Challenge! We want your observations of the nature near you! Help us document the incredible biodiversity of cities around the world 28 April - 1 May. Visit the list of CNC cities using Observation, or the CNC website, to see the full list of cities participating in the 10th annual City Nature Challenge, and be sure to check the boundaries of the CNC bioblitzes by zooming in on the map. Many cities include their larger metro areas.

    Have questions? Visit our City Nature Challenge FAQs or write to HELP_INATURALIST.ORG for help!

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wcpvErSz8QQ&t=2871s

    Publicado el 21 de octubre de 2023 por optilete optilete | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

    18 de octubre de 2023

    Energiebesparing en meer comfort

    Energiebesparing en meer comfort

    Een blog over het delen van ervaringen rondom klussen in huis en het verduurzamen ervan. De focus ligt op meer comfort, lager energieverbruik en een slimmere woning. Met voldoende tips hoe je dit zelf kan doen. Je kunt meer dan je denkt!

    Mijn naam is Michael Boelen en ik ben @mboelen op Mastodon. Samen met partner en ons kind wonen we in het Brabantse dorp Vlijmen (regio Den Bosch). Verduurzamen en klussen is voor mij een ietswat uit de hand gelopen hobby en komt voort uit de werkzaamheden aan onze woning. Deze werkzaamheden hebben vooral het doel om de woning comfortabeler en energiezuiniger te maken. Inmiddels hebben we grote stappen gemaakt!

    Terwijl ik nieuwe inzichten op doe tijdens de diverse klussen, maak ik foto’s en werk ik ze uit tot volwaardige artikelen. Voor mij een archief van uitgevoerde klussen en voor een ander inspiratie om ook zelf aan de gang te gaan. Wil je feedback delen of heb je een vraag? Dan ontvang ik dat graag via Contact. Meestal krijg je binnen een paar dagen antwoord.

    https://meereco.nl/

    Publicado el 18 de octubre de 2023 por optilete optilete | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario